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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Feb;192(2):513-9.

Markers of periodontal infection and preterm birth.

Author information

1
Division of Periodontics, Section of Oral and Diagnostic Sciences, Columbia University School of Dental and Oral Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was undertaken to explore the relationship between clinical, microbiologic, and serologic markers of periodontitis and preterm birth (PTB).

STUDY DESIGN:

We compared women with a singleton gestation giving birth before the 37th week (cases, n = 83) with term delivery controls (n = 120). Periodontal examination and collection of dental plaque and blood samples were performed within 48 hours after delivery. Microbial levels and maternal immunoglobulin G titers to oral bacteria were analyzed. Multivariate regression models were fitted controlling for common covariates.

RESULTS:

Cases showed greater mean attachment loss (1.7 vs 1.5 mm, P = .003) and higher prevalence of periodontitis (30.1% vs 17.5%, P = .027). No differences in microbial or serum antibody levels were detected between the groups. Logistic regression revealed that PTB was associated with attachment loss (adjusted odds ratio: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.01-7.54). Linear regression indicated a significant ( P = .04) association between attachment loss and low birth weight (LBW).

CONCLUSION:

The data support the notion that periodontitis is independently associated with PTB and LBW.

PMID:
15695995
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.07.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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