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Pediatr Res. 2005 Apr;57(4):550-6. Epub 2005 Feb 4.

T-type Ca2+ channels are involved in high glucose-induced rat neonatal cardiomyocyte proliferation.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA. mli@tulane.edu

Abstract

Infants develop hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in approximately 30% of diabetic pregnancies. We have characterized the effects of glucose on voltage-gated T-type Ca2+ channels and intracellular free calcium concentration, [Ca2+]i in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. We found that T-type Ca2+ channel current density increased significantly in primary culture neonatal cardiac myocytes that were treated with 25 mM glucose for 48 h when compared with those that were treated with 5 mM glucose. High-glucose treatment also caused a higher Ca2+ influx elicited by 50 mM KCl in the myocytes. KCl-induced Ca2+ influx was attenuated when nickel was present. Real-time PCR studies demonstrated that mRNA levels of both alpha1G (Ca(v)3.1) and alpha1H (Ca(v)3.2) T-type Ca2+ channels were elevated after high-glucose treatment. High-glucose also significantly increased ventricular cell proliferation as well as the proportion of cells in the S-phase of the cell cycle; both effects were reversed by nickel or mibefradil. These results indicate that high glucose causes a rise in [Ca2+]i in neonatal cardiac myocytes by a mechanism that is associated with the regulation of the T-type Ca2+ channel activity.

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