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Am J Med. 2005 Feb;118(2):132-6.

Triiodothyronine levels for risk stratification of patients with chronic heart failure.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Physiology, C.N.R., Pisa, Italy. pingi@ifc.cnr.it

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We sought to explore the use of triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations as an adjunct to clinical and functional parameters when estimating prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure.

METHODS:

We enrolled 281 patients with postischemic (n = 153) or nonischemic (n = 128) dilated cardiomyopathy. Total and free T(3) concentrations, and traditional clinical and functional cardiac parameters, were measured 2 to 5 days after hospital admission. A multivariate model was utilized to predict all-cause and cardiac mortality.

RESULTS:

All-cause mortality was 23% (n = 64) after a mean (+/-SD) of 12 +/- 7 months of follow-up; 47 (73%) of the patients died from cardiac causes. The mean ejection fraction was lower in those patients who died than in those who survived (26% +/- 8% vs. 31% +/- 8%, P < 0.001), as were levels of total T(3) (1.0 +/- 0.4 nmol/L vs. 1.3 +/- 0.3 nmol/L, P < 0.001) and free T(3) (3.2 +/- 1.4 pmol/L vs. 3.7 +/- 1.0 pmol/L, P < 0.001). In a multivariate model, ejection fraction (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0 per 10% decrease; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.8 per 10% decrease; P < 0.001) and total T(3) level (OR = 0.3 per 1-nmol/L increase; 95% CI: 0.1 to 0.5 per 1-nmol/L increase; P < 0.001) were the only independent predictors of all-cause mortality. In an alternative model using free T(3) levels, ejection fraction (OR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4 to 2.7; P < 0.001) and free T(3) level (OR = 0.6 per 1 pmol/L; 95% CI: 0.5 to 0.8 per 1 pmol/L; P <0.02) were associated with all-cause mortality. When we considered cardiac mortality alone, male sex (OR = 3.5; 95% CI: 1.7 to 13; P < 0.04), ejection fraction (OR = 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2 to 2.5; P < 0.006), and total T(3) level (OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.2 to 0.7; P < 0.002) were independent predictors with the multivariate model.

CONCLUSION:

Low T(3) levels are an independent predictor of mortality in patients with chronic heart failure, adding prognostic information to conventional clinical and functional cardiac parameters.

PMID:
15694896
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.07.052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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