Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Mar 18;328(3):783-9.

Androgen-induced mineralization by MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells reveals a critical window of hormone responsiveness.

Author information

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami, FL, USA.


Despite their clinical importance for skeletal growth and homeostasis, the actions of androgens on osteoblastic cells are not well understood. MC3T3-E1 cells, a nontransformed murine preosteoblastic cell line, that traverse the stages of osteoblastic differentiation within 30 days in vitro, were exposed to mibolerone (an androgen receptor (AR) agonist) or 5alpha-dihydroxytestosterone (DHT) from days 3 to 30 post-plating. Cells exposed to this hormonal regimen exhibited a significant increase in mineralization (calcium deposition) compared to vehicle-treated cells. Delaying treatment for 4-11 days (treatment still completed on day 30 post-plating) enhanced mineralization further. Within 2 days post-plating, AR protein increased 7.2-fold in androgen-treated cells and 2.5-fold in vehicle-treated cells. MC3T3-E1 cells transfected with an androgen- and glucocorticoid-responsive reporter construct on day 1 post-plating followed by a 2 day exposure to DHT, mibolerone, or dexamethasone (dex; a glucocorticoid receptor agonist) exhibited reporter gene activation only with dex treatment. In contrast, delaying transfection and treatment for at least 1 day resulted in comparable androgen- and dex-mediated reporter gene transactivation. Therefore, the ability of MC3T3-E1 cells to respond to androgens is dependent on the timing of androgen administration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center