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BMC Immunol. 2005 Feb 4;6:3.

Human CD57+ germinal center-T cells are the major helpers for GC-B cells and induce class switch recombination.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunology and Hematopoiesis, Department of Pathobiology, Bioscience Center, VPTH Room 126, 725 Harrison St, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. kim41@purdue.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The function of CD57+ CD4+ T cells, constituting a major subset of germinal center T (GC-Th) cells in human lymphoid tissues, has been unclear. There have been contradictory reports regarding the B cell helping function of CD57+ GC-Th cells in production of immunoglobulin (Ig). Furthermore, the cytokine and co-stimulation requirement for their helper activity remains largely unknown. To clarify and gain more insight into their function in helping B cells, we systematically investigated the capacity of human tonsil CD57+ GC-Th cells in inducing B cell Ig synthesis.

RESULTS:

We demonstrated that CD57+ GC-Th cells are highly efficient in helping B cell production of all four subsets of Ig (IgM, IgG, IgA and IgE) compared to other T-helper cells located in germinal centers or interfollicular areas. CD57+ GC-Th cells were particularly more efficient than other T cells in helping GC-B cells but not naive B cells. CD57+ GC-Th cells induced the expression of activation-induced cytosine deaminase (AID) and class switch recombination in developing B cells. IgG1-3 and IgA1 were the major Ig isotypes induced by CD57+ GC-Th cells. CD40L, but not IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-gamma, was critical in CD57+ GC-Th cell-driven B cell production of Ig. However, IL-10, when added exogenously, significantly enhanced the helper activity of CD57+ GC-Th cells, while TGF-beta1 completely and IFN-gamma partially suppressed the CD57+ GC-Th cell-driven Ig production.

CONCLUSIONS:

CD57+CD4+ T cells in the germinal centers of human lymphoid tissues are the major T helper cell subset for GC-B cells in Ig synthesis. Their helper activity is consistent with their capacity to induce AID and class switch recombination, and can be regulated by CD40L, IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-beta.

PMID:
15694005
PMCID:
PMC548684
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2172-6-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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