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Crit Care. 2005 Feb;9(1):R1-8. Epub 2004 Nov 10.

Cellular infiltrates and injury evaluation in a rat model of warm pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. bvanputte@yahoo.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Beside lung transplantation, cardiopulmonary bypass, isolated lung perfusion and sleeve resection result in serious pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion injury, clinically known as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Very little is known about cells infiltrating the lung during ischemia-reperfusion. Therefore, a model of warm ischemia-reperfusion injury was applied to differentiate cellular infiltrates and to quantify tissue damage.

METHODS:

Fifty rats were randomized into eight groups. Five groups underwent warm ischemia for 60 min followed by 30 min and 1-4 hours of warm reperfusion. An additional group was flushed with the use of isolated lung perfusion after 4 hours of reperfusion. One of two sham groups was also flushed. Neutrophils and oedema were investigated by using samples processed with hematoxylin/eosin stain at a magnification of x500. Immunohistochemistry with antibody ED-1 (magnification x250) and antibody 1F4 (magnification x400) was applied to visualize macrophages and T cells. TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labelling was used for detecting apoptosis. Statistical significance was accepted at P < 0.05.

RESULTS:

Neutrophils were increased after 30 min until 4 hours of reperfusion as well as after flushing. A doubling in number of macrophages and a fourfold increase in T cells were observed after 30 min until 1 and 2 hours of reperfusion, respectively. Apoptosis with significant oedema in the absence of necrosis was seen after 30 min to 4 hours of reperfusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

After warm ischemia-reperfusion a significant increase in infiltration of neutrophils, T cells and macrophages was observed. This study showed apoptosis with serious oedema in the absence of necrosis after all periods of reperfusion.

Comment in

PMID:
15693961
PMCID:
PMC1065100
DOI:
10.1186/cc2992
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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