Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Rheumatol. 2005 Feb;32(2):219-24.

Autoimmunity and tuberculosis. Opposite association with TNF polymorphism.

Author information

1
Cellular Biology and Immunogenetics Unit, Corporación para Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB), Medellín, Colombia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the influence of the -308 and -238 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of tumor necrosis factor-a gene (TNF) on patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS), and tuberculosis (TB).

METHODS:

Genomic DNA from patients with RA (n = 165), SLE (n = 100), primary SS (n = 67), and TB (n = 135) and ethnically matched controls (n = 430) was genotyped for TNF -308 and -238 SNP by PCR-RFLP.

RESULTS:

TNF -308A allele was associated with RA (odds ratio, OR 1.8, p = 0.002), SLE (OR 2.6, p < 0.0001), and primary SS (OR 2.9, p < 0.0001). TNF -308G was associated with TB (OR 1.8, p = 0.02). The -308 GG genotype was protective for autoimmunity (p < 0.003). TNF -238A allele was protective for autoimmunity but represented a susceptibility factor for TB (OR 2.2, p < 0.0001). Haplotype -308A-238G was a protective factor against TB, whereas it carried susceptibility for RA, SLE, and primary SS (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

The results show an opposite association of TNF polymorphism with autoimmunity and TB, and suggest the existence of heterozygote advantage, sustaining the hypothesis that autoimmune diseases are a consequence of natural selection for enhanced TB resistance. Data also provide genetic evidence supporting the common variants/multiple disease hypothesis, which emphasizes that many disease genes may not be disease-specific, and that similar immunogenetic mechanisms underlie autoimmune diseases.

PMID:
15693080
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center