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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1992 May;12(3):491-9.

Spontaneous flow oscillations in the cerebral cortex during acute changes in mean arterial pressure.

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Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226.


The purpose of this study was to characterize spontaneous oscillations of blood flow in the cerebral cortex of anesthetized rats under control conditions and after mean arterial pressure was altered by various means. Blood flow was monitored using a laser-Doppler flowmeter through the closed cranium. Spontaneous flow oscillations with amplitudes of 14-30% of the mean flow and frequencies of 4-11 cycles/min were recorded when arterial pressures were less than 90 mm Hg. Stepwise hemorrhagic hypotension and unilateral carotid occlusion increased the amplitude of oscillations. The amplitude of oscillations was negatively correlated with the level of mean arterial pressure after manipulation with norepinephrine or sodium nitroprusside. The oscillations were reversibly abolished during dilation of the cerebral circulation by elevating the inspired carbon dioxide content to 5%. The frequency of flow oscillations was very stable during all of the above maneuvers except during the infusion of norepinephrine, which increased the oscillation frequency slightly. The results suggest that flow oscillations are determined primarily by cerebral arterial pressure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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