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Oncogene. 2005 Mar 31;24(14):2298-306.

AP-1 dimers regulate transcription of the p14/p19ARF tumor suppressor gene.

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Unit of Gene Expression and Disease, Department of Developmental Biology, Pasteur Institute, 25, rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.


Evidence is accumulating about the role of individual AP-1 components in cell proliferation and transformation. Notably, Ras-mediated transformation is characterized by the upregulation of particular AP-1 members, such as c-Jun and Fra-1. The p14/p19ARF tumor suppressor gene is a key link between oncogenic Ras signaling and the p53 pathway. We explored the involvement of AP-1 dimers in the transcriptional regulation of the p14/p19ARF gene. We demonstrate that both the human and mouse ARF promoters are transcriptional targets of selective AP-1 dimers. The ARF promoter is regulated specifically by AP-1 heterodimers containing Fra-1. Overexpression of c-Jun approximately Fra-1 dimers in primary murine fibroblast cells led to the upregulation of the endogenous ARF protein and growth arrest. Conversely, inhibition of c-Jun or Fra-1 protein levels resulted in decreased ARF expression. In addition, we show that AP-1 dimers cooperate with oncogenic Ras in the transcriptional activation of the p14/p19ARF promoter. Thus, AP-1 heterodimers may contribute to the regulation of ARF expression upon oncogenic signaling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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