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Determination of lamotrigine in small volumes of plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, Taiwan.


Lamotrigine is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic agent. This study describes a simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of lamotrigine in 50 microl of plasma. Lamotrigine and the internal standard guanabenz were extracted with 1.2 ml of diethyl ether, after the samples alkalinized with 10 microl of sodium hydroxide solution (1N). Chromatographic separation was achieved on a silica column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-water containing 0.2% phosphoric acid and 0.3% triethylamine (pH 2.7) (84:16, v/v), at a flow-rate of 1 ml/min. The eluant was detected at 225 nm. The retention time was about 6 min for lamotrigine and 7 min for guanabenz. No endogenous substances and concomitant anticonvulsants were found to interfere. Calibration curves were linear from 0.1 to 5 microg/ml. The relative recovery of lamotrigine averaged about 80%. The limit of quantitation was 0.1 microg/ml. The intra- and inter-day precision (expressed as coefficient of variation, CV) was 8.1%, or less, and the accuracy was within 11.5% deviation of the nominal concentration. The method is suitable in pharmacokinetic investigation and monitoring lamotrigine concentration.

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