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Clin EEG Neurosci. 2005 Jan;36(1):25-35.

High frequency EEG activity during sleep: characteristics in schizophrenia and depression.

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1
VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System (116A), University of Michigan, 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. jtekell@umich.edu

Abstract

Previous studies indicate that high frequency power (>20Hz) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) are associated with feature binding and attention. It has been hypothesized that hallucinations and perceptual abnormalities might be linked to irregularities in fast frequency activity. This study examines the power and distribution of high frequency activity (HFA) during sleep in healthy control subjects and unmedicated patients with schizophrenia and depression. This is a post-hoc analysis of an archival database collected under identical conditions. Groups were compared using multivariate analyses of covariance (MANCOVA) using group frequency by stage analysis. A multiple regression analyzed the association between HFA power and clinical symptoms. Schizophrenic (SZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD) patients showed significantly greater high frequency (HF) power than healthy controls (HC) in all sleep stages (p<0.0001). SZs also exhibited significantly greater HF power than MDD patients in all sleep stages except wakefulness (W) (p<0.05). In all groups, gamma (35-45Hz) power was greater in W, decreased during slow wave sleep (SWS) and decreased further during rapid eye movement (REM). Beta 2 (20-35 Hz) power was greater in W and REM than in SWS. Only positive symptoms exhibited an association with HF power. Elevated HFA during sleep in unmedicated patients with SZ and MDD is associated with positive symptoms of illness. It is not clear how HFA would change in relation to clinical improvement, and further study is needed to clarify the association of HFA to the state/trait characteristics of SZ and MDD.

PMID:
15683195
DOI:
10.1177/155005940503600107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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