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Cancer Res. 1992 May 1;52(9):2620-3.

Accelerated declining tendency of human T-cell leukemia virus type I carrier rates among younger blood donors in Kumamoto, Japan.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


The annual age- and sex-specific human T-cell leukemia virus type I carrier rate of blood donors in Kumamoto, Kyushu, Japan from 1986 to 1990 revealed that the carrier rates of all the age groups below 50 years declined linearly in both sexes (P less than 0.005). Furthermore, the annual declining rates relative to the carrier rates of 16-19-year-old and 20-29-year-old males were higher than those of all of the older males (P less than 0.02), and all female age groups below 50 years had higher relative declining rates than 50-64-year-old females (P less than 0.05). Although several factors, such as a notification program at obstetric clinics, methodological and technical improvement of the assays, wider knowledge of human T-cell leukemia virus type I infection in the latter years, and immigration of individuals from a nonendemic area, might cause an absolute decline of the carrier rate of the blood donors, these factors could not explain the acceleration of the relative declining rate among younger donors. Therefore, this acceleration represents the tendency of the general population.

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