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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Feb;35(2):141-51.

Proteome analysis of abundantly expressed proteins from unfed larvae of the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus.

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  • 1USDA-ARS, Knipling Bushland US Livestock Insect Research Laboratory, 2700 Fredericksburg Road, Kerrville, TX 78028, USA. pia.untalan@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

Protein expression in unfed larvae of the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus, was characterized using gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry in an effort to assemble a database of proteins produced at this stage of development. Soluble and insoluble proteins were extracted and resolved by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis. Twenty abundantly expressed larval proteins were selected for peptide mass mapping and for peptide sequencing by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-ToF) and quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-ToF) tandem mass spectrometry (MS), respectively. Only one protein, tropomyosin, was unequivocally identified from its peptide mass map. Ten proteins were assigned putative identities based on BLAST searching of heterologous databases with peptide sequences. These included a cytoskeletal protein (troponin I), multiple cuticular proteins, a glycine-rich salivary gland-associated protein and proteins with a presumed housekeeping role (arginine kinase, a high-mobility group protein and a small heat shock protein). Eight additional proteins were identified by searching translated open reading frames of a B. microplus EST database (unpublished): putative fatty-acid binding protein, thioredoxin, glycine-rich salivary gland protein and additional cuticular proteins. One remaining protein was not identifiable, suggesting it may be a novel molecule. The ongoing assembly of this database contributes to our understanding of proteins expressed by the tick and provides a resource that can be mined for molecules that play a role in tick-host interactions.

PMID:
15681224
DOI:
10.1016/j.ibmb.2004.10.009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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