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Int J Nurs Stud. 2005 Feb;42(2):229-41.

Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior--implications for nursing studies.

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Social Science Research Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0375, USA.


Although aggression and violence have been increasingly viewed as a major public health problem with a biological and health basis, it has been under-researched in the nursing and health context. This paper reviews early biological risk factors for violence. These factors include pregnancy/birth complications, fetal exposure to nicotine, alcohol, and drugs, low cholesterol, malnutrition, lead and manganese exposure, head injuries and brain dysfunction, low arousal, low serotonin, low cortisol, and high testosterone. A biopsychosocial violence mode is proposed. Finally, the paper argues that nursing is ideally placed to develop a new body of knowledge based on a biosocial perspective that can lead to more effective prevention programs for violence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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