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Biochemistry. 1992 Apr 28;31(16):4081-9.

Structural elucidation of two capsular polysaccharides from one strain of Bacteroides fragilis using high-resolution NMR spectroscopy.

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Institute for Biological Sciences, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.


The capsule of Bacteroides fragilis is unusual in that it consists of two distinct capsular polysaccharides. Using a combination of high-resolution NMR spectroscopy, theoretical calculations, and as few chemical procedures as required, the structure of both polysaccharide antigens (polysaccharides A and B) was elucidated. Using the above procedures, it was possible to obtain the complete structures using minimal quantities of polysaccharides A and B (8 and 5 mg, respectively). Only small amounts of each subjected to chemical analysis were not recoverable. Polysaccharide A is composed of the following repeating unit: [----3)alpha-D-AATp(1----4)[beta-D-Galf(1----3)]alpha-D- GalpNAc(1----3)beta-D-Galp(1----], where AAT is 2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxygalactose. A pyruvate substituent having the R configuration spans O-4 and O-6 of the beta-D-galactopyranosyl residue. Polysaccharide B is composed of the following repeating unit: [----4)alpha-L-QuipNAc(1----3)beta-D-QuipNAc(1----4)[alpha-L - Fucp(1----2)beta-D-GalpA(1----3)beta-D-GlcpNAc(1----3)]alpha -D-Galp(1----]. A 2-aminoethylphosphonate substituent is situated on O-4 of the N-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl residue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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