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Prostate. 2005 Jul 1;64(2):160-7.

Requirement for NF-(kappa)B in interleukin-4-induced androgen receptor activation in prostate cancer cells.

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Department of Medicine and Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, USA.



Accumulating evidence suggest a critical role of activation of androgen receptor (AR) by nonandrogen in the development of androgen independent prostate cancer. Previous study identified that interleukin-4 (IL-4) enhances AR activation in the absence of androgen or in the very low levels of androgen in prostate cancer cells. In this study, the mechanism of IL-4-induced AR activation was investigated.


The induction of AR activation by IL-4 can be suppressed by expression of the I(kappa)B(alpha), an inhibitor of NF-(kappa)B. The enhanced expression of AR-mediated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by IL-4 was blocked by the expression of I(kappa)B(alpha). IL-4 increases NF-(kappa)B transcriptional activity in prostate cancer cells which can be blocked by the addition of IL-4 antibody. IL-4 can also rapidly activate NF-kappaB. Furthermore, the IL-4-induced NF-kappaB activation and nuclear translocation can be blocked by LY294002, a PI3K/Akt specific inhibitor, suggesting that IL-4-induced NF-(kappa)B activation is mediated by activation of PI3K/Akt pathway.


In combination with previous study that IL-4 activates PI3K/Akt pathway, activation of PI3K/Akt > NF-(kappa)B pathways may be responsible for IL-4-induced AR activation in prostate cancer cells. Taken together, these studies suggest that IL-4 > PI3K/Akt > NF-(kappa)B signaling pathways, which activate AR signaling, may play an important role during the progression of androgen independent prostate cancer cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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