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Biochemistry. 1992 Apr 28;31(16):3963-7.

Receptor-induced switch in site-site cooperativity during iron release by transferrin.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461.

Abstract

Iron removal by PPi from the N- and C-terminal binding sites of both free and receptor-complexed transferrin, when the partner site remains occupied with kinetically inert Co(III), has been studied at pH 7.4 and 5.6, at 25 degrees C. At extracellular pH, 7.4, the C-terminal site of free mixed-metal proteins is slightly more labile than its N-terminal counterpart in releasing iron to 0.05 M PPi. The rate and extent of iron removal are retarded from both sites when transferrins are receptor-bound. At endosomal pH, 5.6, the two sites exhibit greater kinetic heterogeneity in iron release to 0.005 M PPi. The N-terminal site is 6 times more facile in relinquishing iron than the C-terminal site when mixed-metal transferrins are free. However, the two sites are affected oppositely upon binding to the receptor. Iron release from the C-terminal site of receptor-complexed CoN-transferrin-FeC is 4 times faster than that from receptor-free protein. In contrast, iron removal from the N-terminal site of receptor-complexed FeN-transferrin-CoC is slowed by a factor of 2 compared to that from free protein. These results help explain our previous observation of a receptor-induced switch in site lability during iron removal from diferric transferrin at pH 5.6 (Bali & Aisen, 1991). Site-site cooperative interactions between the two sites of doubly-occupied transferrin during iron release are altered upon binding to receptor at pH 5.6. Iron in the otherwise weaker binding site of the N-terminal lobe is stabilized, while iron in the relatively stable binding site of the C-terminal lobe is labilized.

PMID:
1567848
DOI:
10.1021/bi00131a011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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