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J Biol Chem. 2005 Mar 25;280(12):11608-14. Epub 2005 Jan 27.

A novel isoform of the secretory pathway Ca2+,Mn(2+)-ATPase, hSPCA2, has unusual properties and is expressed in the brain.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.


Unlike lower eukaryotes, mammalian genomes have a second gene, ATP2C2, encoding a putative member of the family of secretory pathway Ca2+,Mn(2+)-ATPases, SPCA2. Human SPCA2 shares 64% amino acid identity with the protein defective in Hailey Hailey disease, hSPCA1. We show that human SPCA2 (hSPCA2) has a more limited tissue distribution than hSPCA1, with prominent protein expression in brain and testis. In primary neuronal cells, endogenous SPCA2 has a highly punctate distribution that overlaps with vesicles derived from the trans-Golgi network and is thus different from the compact perinuclear distribution of hSPCA1 seen in keratinocytes and nonpolarized cells. Heterologous expression in a yeast strain lacking endogenous Ca2+ pumps reveals further functional differences from hSPCA1. Although the Mn(2+)-specific phenotype of hSPCA2 is similar to that of hSPCA1, Ca2+ ions are transported with much poorer affinity, resulting in only weak complementation of Ca(2+)-specific yeast phenotypes. These observations suggest that SPCA2 may have a more specialized role in mammalian cells, possibly in cellular detoxification of Mn2+ ions, similar to that in yeast. We point to the close links between manganese neurotoxicity and Parkinsonism that would predict an important physiological role for SPCA2 in the brain.

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