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Exp Hematol. 2005 Feb;33(2):219-25.

Characterization of nonexpanded mesenchymal progenitor cells from normal adult human bone marrow.

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  • 1Hématologie Biologique, U.F. de Biologie et Caractérisation Cellulaires, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Adult bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MS/PC) are a potentially useful tool for cell therapy and tissue repair. However, the identification of cell subsets rich in MS/PC from fresh BM has not been described. We have developed a means of identifying such subsets from untouched bone marrow.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

First, MS/PC were enriched by short-time adherence (D(1-3)) before any cell division to evaluate the efficiency of CD73, CD105, CDw90, and CD49a antigens to select highly purified CD45(-)CD14(-) fluorescence-activated sorted subsets enriched in clonogenic mesenchymal cells. Then, we adapted this method to unmanipulated BM mononuclear cells (MNC).

RESULTS:

Short-time (D(1-3)) adherent CD45(-)CD14(-) cells expressing CD73 or CD49a antigens contained all the CFU-F, even though the CD105(+) and CDw90(+) subsets comprised less than half the total. In fresh unmanipulated BM MNC, CD73 and CD49a were also highly discriminative and allowed up to a 3 log enrichment of CFU-F when compared to BM MNC. Normal culture conditions upregulated most of the tested antigens.

CONCLUSION:

The CD45(-)CD14(-)/CD73(+) and CD45(-)CD14(-)/CD49a(+) phenotypes identified subsets containing all the CFU-F and sufficiently enriched to detect them in fresh BM, enabling evaluation of mesenchymal content of BM collections for cell therapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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