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Int J Cardiol. 2005 Jan;98(1):99-105.

Combined use of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index for fast assessment of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis in a community.

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1
Community Medicine Research Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pulse volume recordings and blood pressures at arms and ankles can be obtained automatically and simultaneously to allow fast measurements of the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and the ankle-brachial index. We applied this novel technique to assess the extent of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis in a community.

METHODS:

A total of 1329 residents in Kinmen completed a health survey including interview, physical examination, blood test, and the measurements of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index in 10 working days.

RESULTS:

Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity was significantly related to age, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, ankle-brachial index, and fasting blood levels of glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, uric acid, and creatinine, and was significantly related to the 10-year risk of developing coronary heart disease estimated from the Framingham risk function. The prevalence of arteriosclerosis as defined by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity values higher than the age and sex stratified references from the low risk subjects was 27.1% for men and 25.4% for women. The prevalence of atherosclerosis defined by ankle-brachial index <0.9 was 2.8% in men and 1.7% in women. In men but not in women, subjects with low ankle-brachial index had significantly greater risk for developing coronary artery disease than those with normal values.

CONCLUSIONS:

Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index can be obtained simultaneously and quickly for the assessment of arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis in a community.

PMID:
15676173
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2004.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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