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Int J Cardiol. 2005 Jan;98(1):21-5.

Congenital absence of the pericardium: case presentation and review of literature.

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Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA.


Congenital absence of the pericardium is an uncommon finding that may or may not be symptomatic. Asymptomatic patients are discovered incidentally during cardiac surgery for an unrelated condition or postmortem. However, symptomatic patients may experience non-exertional paroxysmal stabbing chest pain. It may occur with other cardiac or extracardiac abnormalities and a variety of imaging modalities may identify the condition. Complete cases are more rare than partial effects. However, complications are more common with partial absence due to strangulation of the heart into the defect thus requiring surgical intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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