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J Invest Dermatol. 2005 Feb;124(2):466-74.

Chronic wound fluid suppresses proliferation of dermal fibroblasts through a Ras-mediated signaling pathway.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, 609 Albany Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA.

Abstract

Wound fluid collected from chronic venous leg ulcers (chronic wound fluid (CWF)) has been shown to inhibit the growth of dermal fibroblasts by interfering with cell-cycle progression from G1 into S phase. Specifically, CWF was shown to downregulate the levels of hyperphosphorylated retinoblastoma tumor-suppressor gene (Rb) and cyclin D1, known to be critical for entering the S phase of the cell cycle. To further elucidate the effects of CWF, a Ras-mediated signaling pathway involving the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), known to modulate the expression of these cell-cycle-regulatory proteins, was examined. Transient transfection of dermal fibroblasts with constitutively active Ras abrogated the growth suppressive effects of CWF on hyperphosphorylated Rb (ppRb) and cyclin D1. In contrast, an MEK inhibitor PD 98059 mimicked the effects of CWF on these cell-cycle-regulatory proteins. Concurrent treatment with PD 98059 and CWF produced additive effects. Taken together, these results suggest that CWF inhibits the growth of dermal fibroblasts at least in part by decreasing the level of active Ras, resulting in decreased levels of ppRb and cyclin D1. Therefore, a Ras-dependent signaling pathway may mediate the growth inhibitory effect of CWF, and reconstitution of Ras activity may overcome this growth inhibitory effect.

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