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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Mar;59(3):441-8.

Food consumption and the incidence of type II diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland. jukka.montonen@ktl.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The consumption of different foods was studied for their ability to predict type II diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN:

The study design was a cohort study, based on the Finnish Mobile Clinic Health Examination Survey.

SETTING:

A total of 30 communities from different parts of Finland.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 4304 men and women, 40-69 y of age and free of diabetes at baseline in 1967-1972 and followed up for incidence of diabetes medication during 23 y (383 incident cases).

RESULTS:

Higher intakes of green vegetables, fruit and berries, oil and margarine, and poultry were found to predict a reduced risk of type II diabetes. The relative risks of developing type II diabetes between the extreme quartiles of the intakes were 0.69 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.50-0.93; P for trend (P) = 0.02) for green vegetables, 0.69 (CI = 0.51-0.92; P = 0.03) for fruit and berries, 0.71 (CI = 0.52-0.98; P = 0.01) for margarine and oil, and 0.71 (CI = 0.54-0.94; P = 0.01) for poultry.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest that prevention of type II diabetes might be aided by consumption of certain foods that are rich in nutrients with hypothesized health benefits.

PMID:
15674312
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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