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Dalton Trans. 2005 Feb 7;(3):607-16. Epub 2005 Jan 11.

The structures of higher boron halides B8X12(X = F, Cl, Br and I) by gas-phase electron diffraction and ab initio calculations.

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1
School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol, UK BS8 1TS.

Abstract

The structure of B8F12 has been shown by gas electron diffraction and computational methods (up to MP2/6-31+G*) to have the same highly asymmetric form observed in crystalline phases. The structure can be regarded as derived from a central B2 group, bridged by two BF2 groups to give a central B4 core that is folded, not planar, and with a very short bond [164.3 pm calculated, 164.2(19) pm experimental] along the fold line. There are also four terminal BF2 groups. One of the other four bonds in the core is consistently 20-30 pm longer than the others. This asymmetry has been attributed to many intra-molecular B...F interactions, particularly those between core boron atoms and fluorines of the terminal BF2 groups. Calculations for the chloro analogue lead to a structure similar to that for B8F12, but with the long core bond extended so that one of the bridging BCl2 groups may now be regarded as terminal. With bromine as the halogen the structure changes again, with one bromine atom taking up a bridging position. With iodine, this process continues further, and there are three bridging iodine atoms. However, in this case this is not the lowest energy structure, and instead a loosely associated dimer of B4I6 is preferred. In all these cases, and particularly with the heavier halogens, there are huge differences between the results obtained with different computational methods.

PMID:
15672207
DOI:
10.1039/b416077k

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