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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jan;192(1):48-54.

Prevalence and histologic diagnosis of adnexal cysts in postmenopausal women: an autopsy study.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecological Oncology, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway. anne.dorum@dnr.uio.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this autopsy study was to examine the prevalence and histologic condition of adnexal cysts in postmenopausal women.

STUDY DESIGN:

Adnexa of 234 postmenopausal women who had died from nongynecologic diseases were examined by the team pathologist.

RESULTS:

Ovarian cysts were found in 36 of the women (15.4%). Nine women (3.8%) had ovarian cysts with a diameter between 20 and < or =50 mm; 4 women (1.7%) had cysts that were >50 mm in diameter. Four women had bilateral ovarian cysts. Paraovarian cysts were found in 11 women (4.7%). All cysts were benign, except for 1 woman, who had bilateral serous cystadenoma of borderline type. Macroscopically, the borderline cysts were multilocular with mean diameters of 60 mm and 15 mm, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Because of the high prevalence of benign adnexal cysts, the identification of small unilocular cysts in postmenopausal women should be regarded as a normal finding.

PMID:
15672002
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.07.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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