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Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Jan 1;11(1):259-66.

Prognostic significance of Jab1 expression in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas.

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  • 1Department of Cell Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Jun activation domain-binding protein 1 (Jab1) is known as a coactivator of AP1 transcription factor, which contributes to tumor progression by degrading the p27kip1 protein. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Jab1 expression is correlated with p27kip1 level and cell proliferation, as well as whether Jab1 expression is associated with clinicopathologic variables and prognosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Immunohistochemical and/or Western blot analysis was done in HEp-2 cells and 102 cases of LSCCs.

RESULTS:

Jab1 expression was negatively associated with p27kip1 expression and was positively associated with cell proliferation both in HEp-2 cells and LSCCs. Jab1 overexpression was detected in 51% LSCCs and was significantly associated with unfavorable clinicopathologic variables. Survival analysis revealed that Jab1 overexpression is significantly associated with short disease-free and overall survival (P = 0.0036 and P = 0.0001, respectively). When Jab1 and p27kip1 are combined, patients with Jab1(+)/p27kip1(-) revealed poor disease-free and overall survival (P= 0.0008 and P < 0.0001, respectively). When Jab1 expression and lymph node status are combined, patients with Jab1(+)/lymph node(+) revealed poorer disease-free andoverall survival than others (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, patients with the phenotype of Jab1(+)/p27kip1(-)/lymph node(+) revealed the worst disease-free and overall survival (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that Jab1 protein is an independent prognostic indicator for overall survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggested that Jab1 protein may contribute to the tumor progression and represent a novel prognostic indicator for LSCCs.

PMID:
15671554
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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