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FEBS Lett. 2005 Jan 31;579(3):803-7.

Calmodulin interacts with the cytoplasmic tails of the parathyroid hormone 1 receptor and a sub-set of class b G-protein coupled receptors.

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Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Blossom Street, Wellman 501, Boston, MA 02114-2696, USA.


Parathyroid hormone (PTH) binds to its receptor (PTH 1 receptor, PTH1R) and activates multiple pathways. The PTH1R, a class b GPCR, contains consensus calmodulin-binding motifs. The PTH1R cytoplasmic tail interacts with calmodulin in a calcium-dependent manner via the basic 1-5-8-14 motif. Calcium-dependent calmodulin interactions with the cytoplasmic tails of receptors for PTH 2, vasoactive intestinal peptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide, corticotropin releasing hormone, calcitonin, and the glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 are demonstrated. The cytoplasmic tails of the secretin receptor and the growth hormone releasing hormone receptor either interact poorly or not at all with calmodulin, respectively. Fluphenazine, a calmodulin antagonist, enhances PTH-mediated accumulation of total inositol phosphates, suggesting that calmodulin regulates signaling via phospholipase C.

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