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Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Feb 15;69(4):689-98. Epub 2005 Jan 7.

Reductions in beta-amyloid concentrations in vivo by the gamma-secretase inhibitors BMS-289948 and BMS-299897.

Author information

1
SIBIA Neurosciences, Inc., 300 S. Coast Blvd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. janderson@cypressbio.com

Abstract

A primary pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease is beta-amyloid (Abeta)-containing plaques in brain and cerebral vasculature. Reductions in the formation of Abeta peptides by gamma-secretase inhibitors may be a viable therapy for reducing Abeta in Alzheimer's disease. Here we report on the effects of two orally active gamma-secretase inhibitors. BMS-289948 (4-chloro-N-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-N-((1R)-{4-fluoro-2-[3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl]phenyl}ethyl)benzenesulfonamide hydrochloride) and BMS-299897 (4-[2-((1R)-1-{[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl]-2,5-difluoroanilino}ethyl)-5-fluorophenyl]butanoic acid) markedly reduced both brain and plasma Abeta(1-40) in APP-YAC mice with ED(50) values of 86 and 22 mg/kg per os (po), respectively, for BMS-289948, and 30 and 16 mg/kg po, respectively, for BMS-299897. Both compounds also dose-dependently increased brain concentrations of APP carboxy-terminal fragments, consistent with inhibition of gamma-secretase. BMS-289948 and BMS-299897 (100 mg/kg po) reduced brain and plasma Abeta(1-40) rapidly (within 20min) and maximally within 3 h. BMS-299897 also dose-dependently reduced cortical, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and plasma Abeta in guinea pigs with ED(50) values of 30 mg/kg intraperitoneally, without affecting CSF levels of alpha-sAPP. The reductions in cortical Abeta correlated significantly with the reductions in both plasma (r(2) = 0.77) and CSF (r(2) = 0.61) Abeta. The decreases in Abeta were apparent at 3 and 6 h post-administration of BMS-299897, but not at 12h. These results demonstrate that BMS-289948 and BMS-299897 are orally bioavailable, functional gamma-secretase inhibitors with the ability to markedly reduce Abeta peptide concentrations in APP-YAC transgenic mice and in guinea pigs. These compounds may be useful pharmacologically for examining the effects of reductions in beta-amyloid peptides in both animal models and in Alzheimer's disease.

PMID:
15670587
DOI:
10.1016/j.bcp.2004.11.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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