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OMICS. 2004 Fall;8(3):239-54.

Validation of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 small proteins by AMT tag-based proteome analysis.

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Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, USA.


Using stringent criteria for protein identification by accurate mass and time (AMT) tag mass spectrometric methodology, we detected 36 proteins of <101 amino acids in length, including 10 that were annotated as hypothetical proteins, in 172 global tryptic digests of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 proteins. Peptides that map to the conserved, but functionally uncharacterized proteins SO4134 and SO2787, were the most frequently detected peptides in these samples, while those that map to hypotheticals SO2669 and SO2063, conserved hypotheticals SO0335 and SO2176, and the SlyX protein (SO1063) were observed at frequencies similar to those from essential small proteins (ribosomal proteins and translation initiation factor IF-1), suggesting that they may function in similarly important cellular functions. In addition, peptides were detected that map to 30 genes predicted to encode frameshifts, point mutations, or recoding signals. Of these 30 genes, peptides that map to positions beyond internal stop codons were detected in 13 genes (SO0101, SO0419, SO0590, SO0738, SO1113, SO1211, SO3079, SO3130, SO3240, SO4231, SO4328, SO4422, and SO4657). While expression of the full-length formate dehydrogenase encoded by SO0101 can be explained by incorporation of selenocysteine at the internal stop codon, the mechanism of translating downstream sequences in the remaining genes remains unknown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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