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Chemistry. 2005 Mar 4;11(6):1763-70.

Singlet exciplexes between a thioxanthone derivative and substituted aromatic quenchers: role of the resonance integral.

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  • 1Department of Photochemistry, Universit√© de Haute Alsace, 3, rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse Cedex, France.


Fluorescence quenching of a thioxanthone derivative by methyl- and methoxy-substituted benzenes (MeB and MeOB, respectively) is performed in solvents of different polarity. Emissive exciplexes are observed even in polar solvents and provide kinetic and spectroscopic data over a large scale of solvent polarity. These data were subsequently analyzed by use of a new theoretical model that leads to a thermodynamic relationship between exciplex and electron-transfer driving forces Delta G(exc) and Delta G(et), respectively. The remarkable agreement found between this model and both kinetic and spectroscopic data supports its validity. Moreover, the difference observed between MeB and MeOB compounds in quenching efficiency is analyzed by this model and provides the main parameters governing exciplex features, especially the resonance integral between locally excited and charge-transfer states.

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