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Mol Ther. 2005 Feb;11(2):267-74.

Anti-RhoA and anti-RhoC siRNAs inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.

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Laboratoire de Recherche MERCI, EA 2122, Faculté de Médecine et Pharmacie, 76183 Rouen, France.


Overexpression of RhoA or RhoC in breast cancer indicates a poor prognosis, due to increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion and tumor-dependent angiogenesis. Until now, the strategy of blockage of the Rho-signaling pathway has used either GGTI or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, but they are not specific to RhoA or RhoC inhibition. In this study, a new approach with anti-RhoA and anti-RhoC siRNAs was used to inhibit specifically RhoA or RhoC synthesis. Two transfections of either RhoA or RhoC siRNA (8.5 nM) into MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells or HMEC-1 endothelial cells induced extensive degradation of the target mRNA and led to a dramatic decrease in synthesis of the corresponding protein. In vitro, these siRNAs inhibited cell proliferation and invasion more effectively than conventional blockers of Rho cell signaling. Finally, in a nude mouse model, intratumoral injections of anti-RhoA siRNA (100 microl at 85 nM) every 3 days for 20 days almost totally inhibited the growth and angiogenesis of xenografted MDA-MB-231 tumors. One may infer from these observations that specific inhibition of the Rho-signaling pathway with siRNAs represents a promising approach for the treatment of aggressive breast cancers.

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