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Br J Haematol. 2005 Feb;128(3):343-50.

Preclinical studies on NSC290205 aza-steroid alkylator activity in combination with adriamycin against lymphoid leukaemia.

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1
Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy, University of Patras, Patras, Greece. dtrafalis@yahoo.com

Abstract

Summary NSC290205 (A) is an hybrid synthetic antineoplastic ester that is a combination of a d-lactam derivative of androsterone and an alkylating derivative of N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)aniline. We tested NSC290205 for synergistic antileukaemic activity with adriamycin (ADR), (i) in vitro against the human lymphoid leukaemia cell lines: CCRF-CEM, MOLT-4, and RPMI-8226, (ii) in vivo against P388 lymphocytic and L1210 lymphoid murine leukaemias (at incipient and advanced phase). Our results indicated significant cytostatic and cytotoxic synergy of NSC290205 and ADR in vitro. We further examined these results in vivo by replacing cyclophosphamide in the standard CHOP (cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, prednisone) regimen with NSC290205 (AHOP) and comparing the efficiency of these two regimens in vivo. Although treatment of P388 and L1210 with cyclophosphamide or NSC290205 alone yielded equivalent results, AHOP produced a clear benefit for survival compared with CHOP against advanced leukaemias, confirming the in vitro observations [higher percentage increase in median lifespan of treated animals over the untreated (control): 188% and 239% in L1210, 308% and 353% in P388, P < 0.01, for CHOP and AHOP respectively]. AHOP also proved to be more genotoxic and cytostatic than CHOP, inducing higher sister chromatid exchange levels and cell division delays on P388 cells in vivo. NSC290205 showed superior antineoplastic potential against lymphoid leukaemia and significant synergy with ADR, producing an excellent therapeutic outcome.

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