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Mutat Res. 2005 Jan 3;565(2):105-12.

Protective effect of quercetin and luteolin in human melanoma HMB-2 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Experimental Therapy of Tumors, Cancer Research Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Vlárska 7, 83391 Bratislava, Slovak Republic. katarina.horvathova@savba.sk

Abstract

Multifunctional effects of flavonoids are reported to be markedly connected with their structure and the functional groups in the molecule. The important role in the activity play C2-C3 double bond, hydroxyl group at C3 and the number of hydroxyl groups at phenyl ring (B). In this paper, the DNA protective free radical scavenging potential of quercetin (QU) and luteolin (LU) against H2O2 and their clastogenic effect alone and in combination with melphalan (MH) were investigated in human melanoma HMB-2 cells. Elevated frequency of chromosomal aberrations induced by MH, that at high doses have shown a variety of toxic side effects, was statistically decreased by studied flavonoids regarding to control (QU at the concentration of 50 microM and LU already at the concentration of 20 microM). The results concerning DNA protective potential against free radicals in HMB-2 cells demonstrated that QU and LU have significant effect in dose dependent manner. The percentage of QU protective effect is 40% at the concentration 20 microM, resp. 80% at the concentration 100 microM. Comparable values were obtained with LU. Results are correlated to their structural arrangement and organization of the hydroxyl groups.

PMID:
15661608
DOI:
10.1016/j.mrgentox.2004.08.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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