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Biochem J. 2005 Jun 1;388(Pt 2):585-91.

Homodimerization of calpain 3 penta-EF-hand domain.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6.

Abstract

Calpains 1 and 2 are heterodimeric proteases in which large (relative molecular mass M(r) 80000) and small (M(r) 28000) subunits are linked through their respective PEF (penta-EF-hand) domains. The skeletal muscle-specific calpain 3 is believed not to form a heterodimer with the small subunit but might homodimerize through its PEF domain. Size-exclusion chromatography and analytical ultracentrifugation of the recombinant PEF domain of calpain 3 show that it forms a stable homodimer that does not dissociate on dilution. Molecular modelling suggests that there would be no barriers to the dimerization of the whole enzyme through the PEF domains. This orientation would place the catalytic centres at opposite ends of the dimer.

PMID:
15660530
PMCID:
PMC1138966
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20041821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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