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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2005 May;55(5):466-70. Epub 2005 Jan 20.

Phase I trial of weekly docetaxel with a 4-weekly cisplatin administration in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma.

Author information

1
Medical Oncology Unit, Laikon General Hospital, Athens University School of Medicine, Athens, Greece. r-e-poly@hol.gr

Abstract

The docetaxel-cisplatin combination is active against several tumors including gastric cancer but it is followed by severe myelosuppression. Recent experience with weekly taxanes has demonstrated a mild myelotoxicity with high dose intensity. We investigated in a phase I study a weekly schedule of docetaxel on days 1, 8 and 15 and cisplatin on day 1 every 4 weeks in 19 patients with advanced gastric cancer with no prior chemotherapy. Cohorts of patients were treated with escalating doses of docetaxel (starting dose 30 mg/m(2) per week and increments of 10 mg/m(2) per week) and cisplatin (starting dose 70 mg/m(2) and increments of 5 mg/m(2)). Febrile neutropenia was the only dose-limiting event occurring in four (20%) patients; the dose-limiting toxicity was reached at dose level three (docetaxel 40 mg/m(2) per week and cisplatin 75 mg/m(2)). The maximum-tolerated dose was 40 mg/m(2) per week for docetaxel and 70 mg/m(2) every 4 weeks for cisplatin. Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in six patients (30%); early death occurred in one patient with septic shock because of neutropenia and another with acute coronary ischemia. Two (11%) complete and two (11%) partial responses were documented (ORR 22%; 95% CI 3-39%), with a median response duration of 5 months and median time to progression of 7 months. In conclusion, the combination of weekly docetaxel plus cisplatin is feasible with moderate toxicity and merits further investigation in phase II studies in advanced gastric cancer.

PMID:
15660272
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-004-0912-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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