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Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2005 Jan;25(1):27-33.

Lower body positive pressure by anti-G garment inflation: a suitable method to increase pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in healthy elderly subjects.

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1
Department of Geriatric Medicine, University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. j.remmen@cardio.umcn.nl

Abstract

In a study on non-invasive assessment of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), we sought a method to increase PCWP non-invasively. We hypothesized that inflation of an anti-G garment was suitable to increase PCWP non-invasively in healthy elderly subjects. In 20 subjects, aged 70 +/- 4 years (mean +/- SD), before, immediately after, and 4 min after anti-G garment inflation to 52 mmHg, PCWP and mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) were measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter, and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) with Finapres, in supine and semi-recumbent position. Supine, PCWP (mmHg, mean +/- SD) increased from 9.9 +/- 2.1 to 15.5 +/- 3.9** immediately after inflation and 13.4 +/- 3.7** at 4 min; semi-recumbent from 8.9 +/- 2.0 to 17.5 +/- 3.3** and 14.7 +/- 2.9** (*P<0.05, **P< 0.001 versus before inflation). MPAP (mmHg) increased after inflation: supine 16.9 +/- 2.3 to 22.3 +/- 4.6** and 20.6 +/- 3.9** and semi-recumbent 15.7 +/- 2.8 to 24.3 +/- 5.1** and 22.5 +/- 3.5**, suggesting that increased preload was the primary effect of anti-G garment inflation. Supine MAP (mmHg) increased from 96.0 +/- 11.3 to 101.4 +/- 13.4** and 100.5 +/- 12.7* and semi-recumbent from 102.0 +/- 8.9 to 108.3 +/- 11.4** and 106.0 +/- 11.3*, suggesting an effect of increased afterload as well. The latter was supported by an increase in total peripheral resistance (d s cm(-5)) from 1346 +/- 299 to 1441 +/- 384 after 4 min (P = 0.057) and from 1461 +/- 341 to 1532 +/- 406 (P = 0.054), supine and semi-recumbent respectively, while cardiac output remained unchanged. Complications did not occur. We conclude that in healthy elderly subjects, anti-G garment inflation is a safe, non-invasive, method to induce a significant increase in PCWP. Our findings justify its application in future studies in which non-invasive temporary increase in PCWP is required.

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