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J Med Chem. 2005 Jan 27;48(2):380-91.

Stereoselective synthesis of [L-Arg-L/D-3-(2-naphthyl)alanine]-type (E)-alkene dipeptide isosteres and its application to the synthesis and biological evaluation of pseudopeptide analogues of the CXCR4 antagonist FC131.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.


L,L-Type and L,D-type (E)-alkene dipeptide isosteres (EADIs) that have unnatural side chains at the alpha-position were synthesized by the combination of stereoselective aziridinyl ring-opening reactions and organozinc-copper-mediated anti-S(N)2' reactions toward a single substrate of gamma,delta-cis-gamma,delta-epimino (E)-alpha,beta-enoate. The utility of this methodology was demonstrated by the stereoselective synthesis of a set of diastereomeric EADIs of L-Arg-L/D-3-(2-naphthyl)alanine (Nal) that is contained in a small CXCR4 antagonist FC131 [cyclo(-D-Tyr-Arg-Arg-Nal-Gly-)]. Furthermore, a (Nal-Gly)-type EADI was synthesized by samarium diiodide (SmI(2))-induced reduction of a gamma-acetoxy-alpha,beta-enoate. Several FC131 analogues, in which these EADIs were inserted for reduction of their peptide character, were synthesized with analogues containing reduced amide-type dipeptide isosteres to investigate the importance of these amide bonds for anti-HIV and CXCR4-antagonistic activity.

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