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Surgery. 2004 Dec;136(6):1199-204.

Effect of calcium channel blockers on the sensitivity of preoperative 99mTc-MIBI SPECT for hyperparathyroidism.

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  • 1Division of Nuclear Medicine, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.



Technetium 99m ( 99m Tc)-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is frequently used in the evaluation of patients with hyperparathyroidism. Calcium channel blockers (CACBs) may affect 99m Tc-MIBI uptake by parathyroid cells. This study examines the effect of CACB therapy on the sensitivity of 99m Tc-MIBI SPECT localization for hyperparathyroidism.


Two hundred fifty-three operated patients with hyperparathyroidism were retrospectively reviewed. The potential effect of CACB therapy on 99m Tc-MIBI scan sensitivity was examined by using logistic regression analysis. Possible confounding factors were considered.


Among 235 patients, those with multiple endocrine neoplasia, type I (MEN-I), MEN-IIA, 4-gland hyperplasia, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and tertiary hyperparathyroidism exhibited no difference associated with CACB use. Of the remaining 198 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, 7/30 (23%) with negative 99m Tc-MIBI SPECT scans compared to 24/168 (14%) with positive scans used CACBs. After correcting for age, gender and gland weight, the odds ratio (OR) for a negative study in patients taking CACBs was 2.88 (95% CI, 1.03-8.10; P = .045). Atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preoperative calcium and parathyroid hormone levels, and thyroid hormone use were not confounding factors.


CACB therapy reduces the sensitivity of 99m Tc-MIBI parathyroid SPECT in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Further studies are required to determine the potential reversibility of this effect with termination of CACB therapy.

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