Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Histopathology. 2005 Jan;46(1):31-6.

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha is associated with angiogenesis, and expression of bFGF, PDGF-BB, and EGFR in invasive breast cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands.



Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is the key transcription factor regulating the cellular response to hypoxia, including angiogenesis. Growth factors play an important role in tumour growth and angiogenesis and some have been shown to be induced by HIF-1 in vitro. This study investigated if angiogenesis or growth factors or their receptors are associated with HIF-1alpha in invasive breast cancer.


High levels of HIF-1alpha, detected by immunohistochemistry in 45 breast cancers, were positively associated with increased microvessel density (as a measure of angiogenesis) (P = 0.023). Furthermore, high levels of HIF-1alpha were associated with epithelial expression (> or = 10%) of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (P = 0.011), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB (P < 0.001), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) (P = 0.045). A positive, yet insignificant, trend for HIF-1alpha to be associated with epithelial expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha (P = 0.081) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (P = 0.109) was noticed as well as an inverse association with stromal expression of TGF-beta-R1 (P = 0.070).


In invasive breast cancer, HIF-1alpha is associated with angiogenesis, and expression of growth factors bFGF and PDGF-BB, and the receptor EGFR. Thus, agents targeting HIF-1 may combine different pathways of inhibiting breast cancer growth, including angiogenesis and growth factors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center