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Eur J Haematol. 2005 Feb;74(2):117-20.

Long-term analysis of the palliative benefit of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine for myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia.

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Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.



Therapeutic splenectomy in myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM) may result in extreme thrombocytosis and leukocytosis and accelerated hepatomegaly. We previously described initial palliative benefit from 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) in such instances. The purpose of this study is to provide long-term follow-up on the durability of response in the initial cohort and in additional subsequent cases.


We retrospectively identified patients with histologically confirmed MMM who had palliative therapy with 2-CdA. Clinical characteristics and information on subsequent clinical course were abstracted at the time of diagnosis of MMM and at initiation of 2-CdA therapy until death.


To date, we have used 2-CdA as palliative therapy in 14 patients with MMM. After a median of four cycles of therapy, responses for hepatomegaly occurred in 56% of patients, thrombocytosis 50%, leukocytosis 55%, and anemia 40%. Cytopenias were frequent but usually transient and without clinical consequence. Responses occurred usually by the second cycle; median duration of response was 6 months (range, 2-19) after completion of 2-CdA therapy.


This study confirmed relevant and frequently durable palliation of symptoms in about half the patients. 2-CdA is a reasonable palliative option in postsplenectomy patients with MMM who have problematic myeloproliferation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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