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Am J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jan;100(1):139-43.

Prevalence of adenomas among young individuals at average risk for colorectal cancer.

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1
The Netherlands Foundation for the Detection of Hereditary Tumours, Leiden University medical Center, Poortgebouw Zuid, 2333 AA Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of adenomas in a young population not genetically predisposed for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC).

METHODS:

The databases of the Dutch Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry were used. The study population included patients (n = 444) who had regular endoscopy until mutation analysis revealed they did not carry the (Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC)/Mismatch Repair) gene defect identified in their family.

RESULTS:

At first colonoscopy (n = 342; 50% males, mean age 37 yr) a total of 19 adenomas (10 males, mean age 50 yr, range 24-91 yr) and two CRCs (2 males, age 49 and 72 yr) were identified, and at first sigmoidoscopy (n = 102; 53% males, mean age 29 yr) three adenomas (2 males, age 8, 40, and 41 yr) were found. A second colonoscopy was performed in 14 patients with, and in 162 patients without an adenoma. Three of 14 patients (21%) developed a new adenoma (all >50 yr) and 8 of 162 (5%) patients developed their first adenoma during follow-up. In the colonoscopy group, the cumulative proportion of patients free of adenomas at age 50 yr was 86%. Of all adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy (n = 49), 65% were located distal from the flexura lienalis. Of the adenomas detected during all endoscopies (n = 53), 9.8% were > or =7 mm, 7.5% showed high-grade dysplasia, and 7.5% showed tubulovillous features.

CONCLUSIONS:

On the basis of our findings during colonoscopy we conclude that the risk of developing adenomas/CRC in young individuals without genetic risk factors is low. Adenoma surveillance programs should focus on young individuals with a positive family (or personal) history for adenomas/CRC, or on individuals >50 yr.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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