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Mol Genet Genomics. 2005 Feb;272(6):666-72. Epub 2005 Jan 15.

p53 polymorphisms in Russia and Belarus: correlation of the 2-1-1 haplotype frequency with longitude.

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Institute of Molecular Genetics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurchatov Square 2, Moscow, 123182, Russia.


Four different polymorphisms in the human p53 gene (a 16-bp duplication in intron 3, and three RFLPs: for Bsh1236I at codon 72, for MspI in intron 6 and for BamHI in the 3' flanking region) and extended haplotypes were studied in nine geographically diverse populations from Russia and Belarus. The Yakuts differed from all other populations, as they had a significantly higher frequency of the BamHI A1 allele. Most populations did not differ significantly from each other in the frequency of the Bsh1236I polymorphism. The 16-bp duplication A1 allele and MspI A2 allele frequencies were significantly higher in the Yakut and Khant populations. Linkage disequilibrium values (D') between BamHI and other polymorphic sites were not significant in many cases; for this reason we have used the 16 bp-Bsh1236I-MspI haplotype frequencies only. Of eight possible haplotypes, five were observed in the populations investigated. Haplotype 1-2-2 was the most frequent in all populations. The next most common haplotype, 1-1-2, was present at very similar frequencies among the Byelorussians and Russians from Smolensk, but was more frequent in other populations. The frequency of haplotype 2-1-1 showed a nearly continuous decrease from West to East (from 17.857% among the Byelorussians to 0.685% in the Yakuts from the Verkhoyansk) and correlated with longitude (Spearman's r = -0.8667, P = 0.0025), which may be due to natural selection and adaptation. The relationships among populations were evaluated by means of Nei's D(A) distances for the 16 bp-Bsh1236I-MspI haplotype frequencies. Based on the multidimensional scaling analysis a correlation between p53 haplotype frequencies and ethnicity is supposed.

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