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Inflamm Res. 2004 Dec;53(12):658-63.

Evidence that arachidonic acid derived from neutrophils and prostaglandin E2 are associated with the induction of acute lung inflammation by lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 1524, 05508-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. tatica@fisio.icb.usp.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The involvement of arachidonic acid (AA) and PGE2 during the E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury was investigated.

MATERIAL:

Adult male Wistar rats were used. For in vitro studies, rat neutrophils, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, and lug vascular endothelium were used, as described below.

TREATMENT:

Rats were given an intratracheal injection of LPS (750 microg).

METHODS:

Total and differential cell counts in BAL fluid; enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) analyses of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, LTB4 and PGE2 in BAL, and immunohistochemical detection of ICAM-1 on lung vascular endothelium were performed six h after LPS challenge. Fatty acid composition of blood neutrophils and plasma was analyzed by HPLC.

RESULTS:

Rats instilled with LPS presented a sixty three-fold increase in the number of neutrophils in BAL (from 0.5 x 10(6) to 31.5 x 10(6) cells), accompanied by increased levels of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta (p < 0.001), and a three-fold increase in ICAM-1 expression on vascular endothelium. The content of AA in blood neutrophils was reduced by 50%, whereas the level of PGE2 in BAL was increased by 3.5 fold, without changes in the levels of LTB4.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that AA and PGE2 are associated with LPS challenge.

PMID:
15654513
DOI:
10.1007/s00011-004-1308-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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