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J Chem Neuroanat. 2005 Mar;29(2):83-91.

Expression of serotonin 5-HT2C receptors in GABAergic cells of the anterior raphe nuclei.

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Department of Neurochemistry, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques de Barcelona (IIBB)--CSIC (IDIBAPS), Rosselló 161, 6th floor, E-08036-Barcelona, Spain.


We have used double in situ hybridization to examine the cellular localization of 5-HT2C receptor mRNA in relation to serotonergic and GABAergic neurons in the anterior raphe nuclei of the rat. In the dorsal and median raphe nuclei 5-HT2C receptor mRNA was not detected in serotonergic cells identified as those expressing serotonin (5-HT) transporter mRNA. In contrast, 5-HT2C receptor mRNA was found in most GABAergic cells, recognized by the presence of glutamic acid decarboxylase mRNA. Such 5-HT2C receptor-positive GABAergic neurons were mainly located in the intermediolateral and lateral portions of the dorsal raphe and lateral part of the median raphe. The present data give anatomical support to a previous hypothesis that proposed a negative-feedback loop involving reciprocal connections between GABAergic interneurons bearing 5-HT2A/2C receptors and 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe and surrounding areas. According to this model, the excitation of GABAergic interneurons through these 5-HT2C (and also 5-HT2A) receptors would result in the suppression of 5-HT cell firing.

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