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J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2004 Fall;14(3):426-32.

A retrospective assessment of topiramate in children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. hardanay@msx.upmc.edu

Abstract

An open-label retrospective study was conducted to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of topiramate in children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). Topiramate is a novel antiepileptic drug approved as an adjunctive treatment for seizure disorders. A retrospective chart review was conducted in an outpatient clinic specialized in treating individuals with developmental disabilities, to identify all children and adolescents with PDD who received topiramate. Patients were included if concomitant medications remained unchanged. Treatment response was assessed using the Global Improvement item of the Clinical Global Impressions scale (CGI-GI), based on a review of medical records and the Conners Parent Scale (CPS), as completed by parents. Fifteen patients were identified (12 male, 3 female; age = 14.7 +/- 3.3 years), including 11 patients with autistic disorder, 2 patients with Asperger's disorder, and 2 patients with PDD not otherwise specified (PDD, NOS). Eight patients (4 patients with autistic disorder, 2 patients with Asperger's disorder, and 2 patients with PDD, NOS) were judged to be responders, as defined by a score of 1 or 2 on the CGI-GI. Treatment duration was 25 +/- 16 weeks, and the mean dose was 235 +/- 88 mg. Differences between baseline and the end-of-trial period were observed in the following CPS subscales: conduct, hyperactivity, and inattention. No differences were noted in the psychosomatic, learning, and anxiety subscales. Three patients discontinued topiramate because of side effects, with 2 patients experiencing cognitive difficulties and 1 patient a skin rash. Topiramate may be beneficial for treating secondary symptoms of PDD, and prospective openlabel studies and double-blind, placebo-controlled studies to assess its efficacy and safety are needed.

PMID:
15650499
DOI:
10.1089/cap.2004.14.426
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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