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J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2004 Fall;14(3):412-7.

Safety of subchronic treatment with fluoxetine for major depressive disorder in children and adolescents.

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1
Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to assess the safety of subchronic fluoxetine treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) in children and adolescents.

METHODS:

Patients received up to 19 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine, 10 mg-60 mg daily. Safety was evaluated through the reporting of concomitant medications, vital signs, routine laboratory testing, electrocardiograms (ECGs), and adverse event data.

RESULTS:

Ninety-six patients, aged 9-17 years, completed 19 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine (n = 49) or placebo (n = 47). There were statistically significant differences between the fluoxetine and placebo groups in mean change from baseline for alkaline phosphatase and total cholesterol levels (p < 0.001, and p < 0.014, respectively), but there were no statistically significant differences between the incidence of abnormal laboratory values for these 2 analytes. Fluoxetine-treated patients gained statistically significantly less height (fluoxetine: 1.0 cm +/- 2.4; placebo: 2.1 cm +/- 2.6; p = 0.004) and weight (fluoxetine: 1.2 kg +/- 2.7; placebo: 2.3 kg +/- 2.6; p = 0.008) than placebo-treated patients during the 19 weeks of treatment. There was no difference in the rate of reported suicide-related events between fluoxetine and placebo.

CONCLUSION:

Fluoxetine was found to be safe and well tolerated in this study of children and adolescents with MDD. Clarification and determination of the clinical significance of the growth-rate reduction seen during fluoxetine treatment requires further investigation. During treatment with fluoxetine, the growth of child and adolescent patients should be monitored.

PMID:
15650497
DOI:
10.1089/cap.2004.14.412
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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