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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Feb 18;327(3):727-33.

Stat1-independent induction of SOCS-3 by interferon-gamma is mediated by sustained activation of Stat3 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts.

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Department of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06516, USA.


Using microarray technology, we previously demonstrated that IFN-gamma induces suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) in Stat1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts and bone marrow-derived macrophages. In this study, we have investigated the mechanism by which SOCS-3 is induced by Stat1-independent signal transduction pathway. Tyrosine kinases Jak1 and Jak2 are required for SOCS-3 induction by IFN-gamma in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. IFN-gamma stimulated strong and sustained activation of Stat1 whereas Stat3 activation was weak and transient in wild-type fibroblasts. In contrast, Stat3 is activated strongly and in a sustained manner in Stat1-/- fibroblasts. The Src kinase inhibitor SU6656 suppressed IFN-gamma activation of Stat3 in both wild-type and Stat1-/- fibroblasts. However, SU6656 inhibited IFN-gamma induction of SOCS-3 completely in Stat1-/- but not in wild-type fibroblasts. Knock down of Stat3 by short interfering RNA abrogated Stat3 activation and SOCS-3 induction by IFN-gamma in Stat1-/- fibroblasts. In human fibrosarcoma cell line 2fTGH, IFN-gamma activated Stat1 but not Stat3. SOCS-3 induction by IFN-gamma is strictly Stat1-dependent. The Stat1 docking site is required for SOCS-3 induction by IFN-gamma in human lung adenocarcinoma cells. We propose a model in which sustained activation of Stat1 or Stat3 mediates SOCS-3 induction by IFN-gamma in wild-type and Stat1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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