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Cell Mol Biol Lett. 2004;9(4A):643-50.

Oxidative stress induces IGF-I receptor signaling disturbances in cultured human dermal fibroblasts. A possible mechanism for collagen biosynthesis inhibition.

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1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry Medical Academy of Białystok, ul. Kilińskiego 1, 15-230 Białystok, Poland.

Abstract

The effects of oxidative stress on collagen and DNA biosynthesis, beta-galactosidase and prolidase activities, and the expression of prolidase, beta1-integrin receptor, FAK, IGF-IR and MAP-kinases (ERK1, ERK2) were evaluated in human dermal fibroblasts. Subconfluent cells were subjected to repetitive stresses with 30 microM t-BHP for 1 hour per day over the course of 5 days. It was found that oxidative stress induced the inhibition of collagen biosynthesis in these cells in a time-dependent manner. Exposure of the cells to 5 stresses contributed to a decrease in collagen and DNA biosynthesis to about 30% and 50% of the control values, respectively. Prolidase activity and expression were only suppressed in fibroblasts subjected to 1 and 3 stresses. In these cells prolidase activity was decreased by about 20%. As a result of 5 stresses, no further inhibition of prolidase activity occurred; however, expression of the enzyme was slightly increased, as demonstrated by Western blot analysis. It was found that these phenomena were neither related to the expression of beta1-integrin receptor nor to that of FAK. However, the exposure of the cells to 3 and 5 stresses contributed to a distinct decrease in IGF-IR and MAP-kinases (ERK1, ERK2) expression, which is probably responsible for the collagen biosynthesis inhibition.

PMID:
15647787
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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