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J Assoc Physicians India. 2004 Jun;52:459-63.

Use of glimepiride and insulin sensitizers in the treatment of type 2 diabetes--a study in Indians.

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Diabetes Research Centre and M.V. Hospital for Diabetes WHO Collaborating Centre for Research, Education and Training in Diabetes Royapuram, Chennai.



Short-term efficacy of glimepiride, metformin and pioglitazone in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was compared with a group treated with diet and exercise. Effects on insulin secretion and sensitivity were also assessed.


New type 2 diabetic subjects, aged 30-60 years with BMI < 30 kg/m2 were selected. Subjects having glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) of < 8.5% were advised diet and exercise (control group). Others having HbA1c > or = 8.5 to 11.0% were randomized to receive glimepiride (group 2), metformin (group 3) and pioglitazone (group 4). At the final review between 12-14 weeks, changes in plasma glucose, HbA1c, lipid profile, HOMA insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), beta cell function (HOMA-BF) and insulinogenic index (delta I/G) were measured. Comparisons were made using appropriate statistical analyses.


Seventy-seven of the 97 subjects randomized equally into four groups, were available for review. Glycaemic parameters improved in all groups. Mean cholesterol decreased significantly in groups treated with metformin and pioglitazone. HDL-cholesterol increased with pioglitazone. Insulin resistance decreased significantly with metformin and pioglitazone, beta cell fuhction also showed improvement


Glycaemic control was seen in all study groups, the improvement was better in drug treated groups than in the control group. Glimepiride improved insulin secretion including the early phase secretion and reduced plasma triglycerides. Metformin and pioglitazone had beneficial effects on lipid levels, improved insulin sensitivity and improved insulin secretion also.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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