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Lupus. 2004;13(12):891-9.

Psychosocial research on systemic lupus erythematosus: a literature review.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, New York 12222, USA.


This article is the first to review published research on psychosocial factors and behavioral interventions related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The first section presents descriptive studies, followed by studies that investigate psychosocial factors as predictor and outcome variables. These studies demonstrate that the consideration of psychosocial factors is critical to understanding the disease experience of persons with SLE. Next, studies of behavioral interventions are presented, leading to the conclusion that randomized controlled trials are essential yet rare. The final section highlights limitations of the extant literature and suggests directions for future research and recommendations for clinicians.

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